TWENTY FIFTH BIENNIAL REPORT
COLLEGE FOR THE BLIND,
VINTON.

The Board of Control of State Institutions, Des Moines, Iowa:
    
Gentlemen — I beg leave to submit a report of the progress and condition of this institution for the biennial period beginning July I, 1899, and closing June 30, 1901.

FIRST, EDUCATIONAL.

     The first school term began September 1, 1899, and closed June 30, 1900. The second school term began September 1, 1900, and closed March 31, 1901. The following table embraces the name, sex and address of every student enrolled during the period:

No.

Name

Sex

Address

1

Samuel A. Anderson

Male

Decorah

2

Venus Ashmore

Female

Villisca

3

Lulu Ashmore

Female

Villisca

4

Hily Allbee

Female

Waterloo

5

Harvey Armstrong

Male

Clarion

6

Frank Armstrong

Male

Clarion

7

Mabel Allen

Female

Webster City

8

Olive Atwater

Female

Robins

9

Pearl Atwood

Female

Brighton

10

Ira D. Ames

Male

Kirkman

11

Don Albaugh

Male

Iowa Falls

12

Gottlieb Beetschem

Male

West Bend

13

Lydia Beetschen

Female

West Bend

14

Kate Bowman

Female

Columbus Junction

15

Nellie May Barber

Female

Tama

16

John Bourg

Male

Dubuque

17

Laura Bullock

Female

Shelby

18

Charles Barrett

Male

New Hartford

19

John W. Bostrom

Male

Garrison

20

Joseph Brake

Male

Dubuque

21

Robert Barr

Male

Creston

22

Ada Bates

Female

Coon Rapids

23

Oscar Breckey

Male

Lake Mills

24

Eva Lucretia Burris

Female

Garrison

25

Lillie Brickle

Female

Iowa City

26

George Bristol

Male

Hamburg

27

Cecil Earl Barber

Male

Charles City

28

Oliver Crumbliss

Male

Okland

29

Blanche C. Cochrane

Female

Iowa City

30

Lavinia J. Colllington

Female

Cedar Rapids

31

Carrie F. Courtney

Female

Eldon

32

Anna Carlson

Female

Stanhope

33

Floy Clark

Female

Tama

34

Mattie Carter

Female

Bangor

35

Charles E. Cone

Male

Keosauqua

36

Clarence Compton

Male

Ames

37

May Ruth Conyes

Female

Alden

38

Ida Carlin

Female

Davenport

39

Ollie L. Clark

Female

Cordova

40

William A. Clark

Male

Cordova

41

Samuel L. Clark

Male

Cordova

42

Ella May Christie

Female

Melrose

43

William Cummins

Male

Cedar Rapids

44

Lottie Bell Colebaugh

Female

Eagle Grove

45

Mabel Lillie Carter

Female

Mt. Pleasant

46

John Combs

Male

Shellsburg

47

Bessie Leota Culp

Female

Garrison

48

Fred N. Dean

Male

Conway

49

Wade Drennen

Male

Des Moines

50

Harry Dippert

Male

Des Moines

51

Clemmie W. Dippert

Male

Des Moines

52

Ollie A. Davis

Female

Dakota City

53

Soren Degn

Male

Vinton

54

Susie Downs

Female

Vinton

55

William Duncan

Male

Ryan

56

Carrie L. Dowell

Female

Vinton

57

Alma Pearl Davis

Female

Grant

58

Fay Ellis

Male

Sigourney

59

Thomas W. Eaton

Male

Creston

60

Wencil Egremeyer

Male

Cedar Rapids

61

George Albert Ennigar

Male

George

62

Ella Edwards

Female

Clinton

63

Mary Flaherty

Female

Dayton

64

Oscar Israel Fay

Male

Scranton

65

Floy French

Female

Garwin

66

Ada Fairchild

Female

Coggon

67

John Gifford

Male

Ashton

68

Fredrick Gerhardt

Male

Lyons

69

Pearl F. Gaylord

Female

Dunlap

70

Isabel Graves

Female

De Witt

71

Elmer E. Gibbs

Male

Waukon

72

Maggie N. Gansz

Female

Corwith

73

Clyde Grippin

Male

Oscoela

74

John H. Garin

Male

Waukon

75

John August Fitzgerald

Male

Maquoketa

76

Harry Hollingsworth

Male

Vinton

77

Rudolph Heuberger

Male

Thornton

78

Harry J. Holland

Male

Armstrong

79

Addie Holland

Female

Armstrong

80

Mildred Harned

Female

Hepburn

81

Eugene Humbert

Male

Corning

82

George W. Haas

Male

Grand View

83

Carlos J. Hindman

Male

Marion

84

Eric Hatland

Male

Slater

85

Bessie Hake

Female

Vinton

86

Rae Hamel

Female

Vinton

87

Leslie Hake

Male

Vinton

88

Louis Hake

Male

Vinton

89

Orin E. Hake

Male

Vinton

90

Effie Hunter

Female

Center Point

91

Anna Hilliard

Female

Vinton

92

Ethel May Hess

Female

Gilbert Station

93

Carl C. Hugus

Male

Ottumwa

94

Tilly J. Hoyer

Female

Emmetsburg

95

Harry Hughs

Male

Stone City

96

Lulu P. Howard

Female

Oakley

97

Virgil Hoke

Male

Center Point

98

Henry Imming

Male

Swantown

99

Ella P. Johnson

Female

Waukon

100

Jean Pauline Jones

Female

Des Moines

101

Ray Y. Jones

Male

Essex

102

Edith Johnson

Female

Vinton

103

Roy Frank Johnson

Male

Hayes

104

Anna Koger

Female

Kellogg

105

Lizzie Kelly

Female

Vail

106

John Konechney

Male

Ottumwa

107

Frank F, Kuntz

Male

Dubuque

108

Grace Koch

Female

Lisbon

109

Robert Knox

Male

West Bend

110

David Knox

Male

West Bend

111

Edwin H. Knowles

Male

Woodland

112

George Keenan

Male

Esterville

113

Calvin Kibley

Male

Cedar Rapids

114

Anna Mary L. Kroeger

Female

Holstein

115

John Lovedy

Male

Pleasant Plain

116

Drucilla L. Long

Female

Vinton

117

Lizzie E, La Due

Female

Toledo

118

William Latham

Male

Vinton

119

Lillian Lochner

Female

Lake City

120

Jessie E. Lacey

Male

Camanche

121

Carlos E. Laustrup

Male

Council Bluffs

122

William A. A. Meyer

Male

Maynard

123

Arthur McIntire

Male

Vinton

124

Charles Morse

Male

Boyden

125

Evelyn

Female

Dubuque

126

Ernest Morris

Male

Sioux City

127

Laurinda McIntosh

Female

Davis City

128

Blanche M. McHaffey

Female

Vinton

129

Leta Milnes

Female

Dows

130

Lyman Masteller

Male

Knoxville

131

William J. Miller

Male

Sibley

132

Clara Mason

Female

Remsen

133

George Miller

Male

Kellogg

134

Jay Maples

Male

Vinton

135

Jesse W. Macklin

Male

Anita

136

Ada Florilla McKinny

Female

Charles City

137

Harry Isaac Maden

Male

Marion

138

Jason Cyrus Mansfield

Male

Marshalltown

139

Dwight Lyman Moody

Male

Cedar Rapids

140

Thomas Neil

Male

Reinbeck

141

Dudley Newcomer

Male

Vinton

142

Christina Nelson

Female

Avoca

143

Clara Otto

Female

Brooklyn

144

Charles Oleson

Male

Cedar Rapids

145

Frank Oertel

Male

Keokuk

146

Amy B. O’Connor

Female

Humboldt

147

Henry Orr

Male

Brooklyn

148

Charles Lee Owen

Male

Toledo

149

James Patterson

Male

Hedrick

150

Pearl L. Pinney

Female

Cedar Rapids

151

Beatrice Mable Pinney

Female

Cedar Rapids

152

Stella M. Pratt

Female

Otterville

153

Hattie Dell Pratt

Female

Otterville

154

Jessie Palmer

Female

Maquoketa

155

Adelbert Pugh

Male

Cedar Rapids

156

Charles Priest

Male

Eldon

157

William Penrod

Male

Casey

158

Fanny Patrick

Female

Ute

159

Wilhelmina A. Pitz

Female

Cedar Rapids

160

Jessie Ellen Page

Female

Garrison

161

Nettie Elizabeth Paton

Female

Reinbeck

162

David G. Rinker

Male

Baxter

163

Alice Ray

Female

Tama

164

Arthur A. Roepke

Male

Aurelia

165

Vivian Roberts

Female

Waucoma

166

Paul Royce

Male

Dubuque

167

Fred Ross

Male

Toledo

168

Eva Rock

Female

Salem

169

Patrick Rowe

Male

Plato

170

James Albert Rice

Male

Columbus City

171

Daisy M. Reifenstahl

Female

Garrison

172

Mary T. Reilly

Female

Mt. Vernon

173

Harry Shrope

Male

Mechanicsville

174

John Swan

Male

Ames

175

John Sutluf

Male

Grundy Center

176

Fred Stark

Male

Peterson

177

Clara C, Storm

Female

Ft. Dodge

178

Armenta Schroeder

Female

Pleasantville

179

Roy Sanderson

Male

Miles

180

Thomas Shaw

Male

Red Oak

181

Effie Sullivan

Female

Prairie City

182

William W, Selder

Male

Glidden

183

Oliver H. Starbird

Male

Vinton

184

Roy Stanton

Male

Marengo

185

Harry Salamon

Male

La Porte

186

Vera May Sowash

Female

Davis City

187

Ella Belle Sherratt

Female

Council Bluffs

188

Charles A. Tryon

Male

Manilla

189

Albert Thomas

Male

Mt. Auburn

190

Lois Tiberghien

Female

Sac City

191

Mabel Thompson

Female

Creston

192

Williamette Thompson

Female

Vinton

193

Harry E. Stout

Male

Vinton

194

Mary Jane Taylor

Female

Humboldt

195

Althea Traister

Female

Mystic

196

Earle Thornton

Male

Wyoming

197

Susan Emily Thornton

Female

Wyoming

198

Mabel Usher

Female

Des Moines

199

WesleyVert

Male

What Cheer

200

Henry Will

Male

Amity

201

Herman Will

Male

Amity

202

Lillian Pearl Winsett

Female

Tama

203

Cora Whitehead

Female

Shell Rock

204

Nicholas Webber

Male

Independence

205

Bertha Rose Witmer

Female

Mingo

206

Elma Joanna Webster

Female

Des Moines

207

Violet Webb

Female

Corning

208

Bertie L. White

Male

Creston

209

Roy E. Wilson

Male

Des Moines

210

Ida Walker

Female

Vermouth

211

George H. Westbrook

Male

David

212

Lecia Marie Washburn

Female

Walker

213

Hattie May Wilkinson

Female

Des Moines

214

Lester Earl Worcester

Male

Des Moines

215

Bertha Elizabeth Young

Female

Clear Lake

216

Forest E. Young

Male

Yorktown

217

Bertha Zwicker

Female

Davenport

The following is the course of study in the literary department:

FIRST GRADE.
Kindergarten; Spelling; Number Work; Observation Work (first step in Geography);
Wait’s Point; Gymnastics; Literature, Committing Poems, etc., to memory; History-Stories of Indians.
Indian Tribes, Eminent Men; Language.

SECOND GRADE.
Kindergarten; Spelling; Number Work; Geography of Iowa; Wait’s Point; Gymnastics;
Language; Literature and History.

THIRD GRADE.
Spelling; Wait’s Point; Arithmetic; Geography; Gymnastics;
Language, Literature and History.

FOURTH GRADE.
Spelling; Wait’s Point; Arithmetic; Geography; Gymnastics;
Language, Literature and History.

FIFTH GRADE.
Spelling; Raised Print and Wait’s Point; Arithmetic; Geography;
Gymnastics; Language, Literature and History.

SIXTH GRADE.
Spelling; Raised Print and Wait’s Point; Arithmetic; Geography;
Gymnastics, Language, Literature and History; U. S. History.

SEVENTH GRADE.
Arithmetic; Grammar; United States History; General Literature; Spelling.

EIGHTH GRADE.
Arithmetic; Grammar; General History; General Literature. Spelling.

NINTH GRADE.
Algebra; General History; Physiology; General Literature; Spelling; Typewriting.

TENTH GRADE.
Algebra; Rhetoric; Vivil Government; General Literature; Spelling.

ELEVENTH GRADE.
Geometry; Latin; Natural Philosophy; General Literature; Spelling.

TWELFTH GRADE.
Latin; Political Economy; Physical Geography; General Literature; Spelling.

     The following is the musical course of study:

FIRST YEAR.
Characters of Notation. -- Length, pitch, power of tones.
Technic, or the Power to Execute. -- Fingers -- The mind and muscles,
mechanical work -- Major scales.

SECOND YEAR.
  Characters of Notation -- Length, pitch, power of tones.
Technic, or the Power to Execute -- Fingers -- Finger work with rhythmic designs -- major
and hormonic minor scales arpeggios -- one octave.

THIRD YEAR.
Character of Notation -- Length, pitch, power of tones.
Technic, or the Power to Execute -- Wrist -- study of wrist movements, scales and
arpeggios with rhythmic designs -- Legato study.

FOURTH YEAR.
Laws of Composition -- Phrasing -- Harmony.
The Nature of Musical Thought -- Pieces -- the physical.
Technic, or the Power to Execute -- Wrist, study of wrist movement
continued -- arpeggios study -- sonata -- scales rhythmically treated.
Chronological Study of the Classic and Romantic Schools of Music.

FIFTH YEAR.
Laws of Composition -- Phrasing -- Harmony.
The Nature of Musical Thought -- Pieces, the descriptive.
Technic, or the Power to Execute -- Arm, study of arm movement -- melodic
minor scales -- octave study -- scales in double thirds and sixths -- velocity
exercises -- sonatina. Chronological Study of the Classic and Romantic Schools of Music.

SIXTH GRADE.
Laws of Composition -- Phrasing -- Harmony.
The Nature of Musical Thought -- Pieces, the suggestive.
Technic, or the Power to Execute -- Arm, study of arm movement continued -- chromatic
study -- easy sonata --  Velocity study of scale passages -- Study and analysis of works by Mendelssohn.  
Chronological Study of the Classic and Romantic Schools of Music.

SEVENTH YEAR.
Laws of Composition -- Phrasing -- Harmony.
The Nature of Musical Thought -- Pieces, the intellectual
Technic, or the Power to Execute -- Arpeggio of the dominant and seventh cord -- modulating
arpeggios -- study and analysis of the more difficult sonatas.  
Chronological Study of the Classic and Romantic Schools of Music.

EIGHTH YEAR.
Laws of Composition
-- Phrasing -- Harmony.
The Nature of Musical Thought -- Pieces, the emotional.
Technic, or the Power to Execute -- Velocity -- arpeggio and scale exercises with varied designs -- study
and analysis of both German and Italian compositions.
Chronological Study of the Classic and Romantic Schools of Music.

NINTH YEAR.
Laws of Composition
-- Phrasing -- Harmony.
The Nature of Musical Thought -- Pieces, the poetic.
Technic, or the Power to Execute -- School of octave and bravura playing -- Study
of artistic use of pedals -- Study and analysis of Chopin.
Chronological Study of the Classic and Romantic Schools of Music.

TENTH YEAR
Laws of Composition
-- Phrasing -- Harmony.
Technic, or the Power to Execute -- Selection from standard composers.
Chronological Study of the Classic and Romantic Schools of Music.

Table No. 1
MOVEMENT OF POPULATION

 

Male

Female

Total

Number of pupils in school enrolled previously to July 1, 1899

82

70

152

Number received during the biennial period ending June 30, 1901

34

31

65

    

         Total number enrolled during the biennial period ending June 30, 1901

116

101

217

Number of graduates

4

5

9

Average daily attendance

78.47

58.7

137.17

Table No. 2
AGE AT TIME OF ADMISSION

Age

Male

Female

Total

5 years

1

1

2

6 years

 

1

1

7 years

3

1

4

8 years

7

 

7

9 years

1

1

2

10 years

3

3

6

11 years

3

3

6

12 years

3

3

6

13 years

1

4

5

14 years

2

2

4

15 years

3

 

3

16 years

 

2

2

17 years

1

2

3

19 years

 

4

4

20 years

2

 

2

24 years

 

1

1

25 years

1

 

1

26 years

1

1

2

28 years

1

 

1

32 years

 

1

1

36 years

1

 

1

37 years

 

1

1

    

Total

34

31

65

Table No. 3
SEX AND COLOR OF PUPILS

Color

Male

Female

Total

White

34

31

65

Table No. 4
BIRTHPLACE OF PUPILS

BIRTHPLACE

Male

Female

Total

Iowa

23

27

50

Other States

9

4

13

    

Total native born

32

31

63

         Other Countries ---

 

 

 

Germany

1

 

1

Ireland

1

 

1

    

Total foreign born

2

 

2

Table No. 5
RESIDENCE OF PUPILS

COUNTY

NUMBER

COUNTY

NUMBER

COUNTY

NUMBER

Adams

3

Greene

1

Monroe

1

Allamakee

3

Guthrie

2

Montgomery

4

Appanoose

1

Hamilton

2

Osceola

2

Benton

25

Hancock

1

Page

3

Black Hawk

3

Hardin

2

Palo Alto

5

Boone

1

Harrison

1

Plymouth

1

Buchanan

3

Henry

2

Polk

9

Butler

3

Humboldt

5

Pottawattamie

4

Carroll

3

Iowa

1

Poweshiek

2

Cass

2

Ida

2

Sac

1

Cedar

3

Jackson

2

Scott

4

Cerro Gordo

2

Jasper

4

Shelby

2

Cherokee

1

Jefferson

1

Sioux

1

Clarke

1

Johnson

3

Story

3

Clay

1

Jones

3

Tama

11

Clinton

5

Keokuk

3

Taylor

1

Crawford

2

Lee

1

Union

2

Decatur

4

Linn

16

Van Buren

1

Delaware

1

Louisa

3

Wapello

3

Des Moines

1

Lucas

1

Washington

1

Dubuque

5

Lyon

1

Webster

2

Emmet

3

Marion

5

Winnebago

1

Fayette

2

Marshall

3

Winneshiek

1

Floyd

2

Mitchell

1

Woodbury

1

Fremont

1

Monona

1

Wright

4

Total

217

Table No. 6
STUDIES PURSUED BY PUPILS

STUDIES

NUMBER

STUDIES

NUMBER

Spelling

60

Vocal music

83

Arithmetic

131

Harmony

20

Grammar

47

Piano

103

Geography

109

Violin

26

History

63

Guitar

6

Physiology

20

Flute

5

Natural Philosophy

18

Cornet

4

Algebra

35

Tuning

33

Rhetoric

23

Broom making

40

Raised print

7

Cane seating

7

Civil Government

18

Mattress making

8

Literature

23

Netting, making of hammocks and fly nets

130

New York Point

88

Geometry

16

Carpet making

15

Political economy

14

Bead work

89

Kindergarten work

36

Sewing

30

Mathematical review

9

Fancy work

30

Latin

17

Knitting

3

Table No. 7
EDUCATION OF PUPILS RECEIVED

 

MALE

FEMALE

TOTAL

Those who at date of admission were able to read and write either common print and script, or some embossed system

21

23

44

Those who, at date of admission, were not able to read and write either common print and script, or some embossed system

13

8

21

    

Total

34

31

65

Table No. 8
NATIVITY OF PARENTS OF PUPILS

 

Male

Female

Total

Native born, native parents

21

23

44

Native born, foreign parents

3

2

5

Native born, mixed parents

6

4

10

Foreign born

2

 

2

    

Total

34

‘31

65

Table No. 9
HEALTH AND PHYSICAL CONDITION OF PUPILS RECEIVED

Bodily Infirmity or Disease

Male

Female

Total

Total number received

34

‘31

65

Normal ( blindness not considered )

31

30

61

Weak vitality

3

1

4

Table No. 10
MORALS AND HEREDITY -- CONDITION OF PARENTS

CONDITION OF PARENTS

Male

Female

Total

Criminal father

1

 

1

Insane mother

1

 

1

Parents blood related

2

1

3

    

Total

4

‘1

5

Table 11
CAUSE AND AGE WHICH BLINDNESS OCCURRED.
PUPILS ADMITTED DURING BIENNIAL PERIOD ENDING JUNE 30, 1901

 

Congenital

Under one year

One and under three years

Three and under six years

Six and under twelve years

Twelve and under eighteen years.

Eighteen years and older

Age unknown

Unknown

4

5

 

 

1

 

 

2

Chondro sarcoma of orbit

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

Cataract

5

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Astigmatism

2

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

Opacity of cornea

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Syphilitic

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Atrophy of optic nerve

 

1

 

 

1

 

1

 

Myopia

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nystagmus

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blepharitis marginalis

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

Iritis

 

 

1

 

1

 

 

 

Phthisis bulbi from granulated lids

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Hemeralopia

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sympathetic ophthalmia

 

 

 

1

1

 

1

 

Granulated lids

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

Glaucoma

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leucoma adherens form blenorrhea neonatorum

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phthisis bulbi from blenorrhea neonatorum

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

choroid retinitis

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Keratitis exzemmatosa

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

Measles

 

 

 

1

1

 

 

2

Bulpthalmos secondaria after sympathetic opthalmia

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accident

 

 

1

1

 

1

 

 

Phthisis bulbi from meningitis

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elevation of retina

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Nystagmus and hyperopia

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spinal meningitis

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ulcer of lids

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weakness of optic nerve

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

Strabismus

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phthisis bulbi from blue stone

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

Staphyloma of cornea

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

Paralysis of optic nerve,

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

  

Total-------

15

20

3

3

12

2

6

4

Pupils admitted, males 34; females 31;  total 65.

Table No. 12
PUPILS HAVING RELATIVES IN LIKE INSTITUTIONS
OR IN SCHOOLS FOR THE DEAR, FEEBLE MINDED
ON IN INSANE HOSPITAL

Schools for the Blind

8

Insane hospitals

1

    

Total

9

Table No. 13
TRADE OR OCCUPATION TAUGHT THOSE DISCHARGED,
REFERRING ONLY TO GRADUATES AND THE OCCUPATIONS
FOR WHICH THEY ARE SPECIALLY FITTED.

TRADE OR OCCUPATION

Male

Female

Total

Carpet weaving

2

 

2

Music

1

3

4

Netting

 

1

1

Piano tuning

1

 

1

Sewing

 

1

1

Total

4

5

9

     The law states that "All blind persons, residents of the state, of suitable age and capacity," shall be entitled to an education in this institution. We understand the term, "blind persons," with- in the meaning of the statute, to include all persons with sight so defective as to prevent the acquiring of an education in a school for sighted pupils. If this construction is proper, a grave responsibility rests upon the superintendent of the college. It is a difficult matter at times to tell who should be admitted.  To turn away a young person whose eyes will not permit him to obtain an education — his birthright — through the ordinary channels, is a very serious thing. It is quite as serious a matter, legally at least, to admit to this school, any one able to attend a school for the sighted. 
     During the past year we have exercised more care than ever before in regard to admissions.  Some feebleminded pupils were not allowed to return. A number were discharged on the ground that their sight was good enough to meet all requirements of the public schools. Others were discharged or not allowed to return because of idleness, lack of progress, or indifference to the advantages of the institution. 
     The results of this weeding process have been good.
     The health of the whole college family has been excellent during the period.  There has been no death.  Aside from chronic ailments there has been no cause of serious sickness.  But this state of things is not exceptional.  The school has always been remarkably healthy.  Barring measles and mumps, no contagious disease has ever spread through the institution. The sanitary conditions are always closely looked after.  The best physician obtainable is always employed.
     The institution is a school, not a hospital.  When hospital features are introduced the school work is interfered with more or less. From the mere school point of view I would oppose the introduction of such features. From a humane point of view I must admit that the blessings resulting from medical and surgical offices outweigh the losses from school interruptions.
     Dr. Lee Wallace Dean, the college opthalmic surgeon, during the period, has done a fine work for us.  The proof of this is everywhere at hand.  The most striking proof, however, is the universal confidence placed by officers, teachers and students, in the doctor's skill and knowledge. I do not touch upon this matter specifically as Dr. Dean will doubtless make a detailed report to the Board himself. We all hope that you will allow us to have the services of an ophthalmic surgeon the coming term.  The pupils have been studious and obedient.  The teachers, officers, and employes, have been industrious and zealous.  The school work and school life have parsed along with the greatest smoothness and harmony.

FINANCES
GENERAL SUPPORT FUND

 

 

 

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$ 13,072.38

 

Received from state for pupilage (see code, section 2718)

16,707.07

 

Received from state for ordinary expenses (see code, section 2718)

10,000.00

 

Received from state for clothing of pupils (see code, section 2716)

312.38

 

Received from sundry sales

1,433.93

 

Total of debits

$ 41,525.76

 

Amount expended

 

$ 31,921.81

Balance on hand June 30, 1900

 

9,603.95

Total of credits

 

$ 41,525.76

 

 

 

CONTINGENT FUND

Amount on hand July 1, 1899

$ 250.00

 

No expenditures, leaving a balance June 30, 1900

              

$ 250.00

Totals

$ 250.00

$ 250.00

     Total amount of balance on hand June 30, 1900 --
General support fund

 

$  9,603.95

Contingent fund

 

250.00

Total

 

9,853.95

 

 

 

CLASSIFICATION OF EXPENDITURES FROM THE GENERAL SUPPORT FUND
FOR THE YEAR CLOSING JUNE 30, 1900

1.

Salaries and wages

$  12,091.44

2.

Provisions

5,182.21

3.

Household stores

1,166.04

4.

Clothing

704.38

5.

Fuel and light

3,936.82

6.

Hospital and medical supplies

30.43

7.

Shop, farm and garden supplies

1,567.85

8.

Ordinary repairs

2,744.62

9.

Library

42.28

10. 

Water and ice

630.89

11. 

Stationary and postage

252.12

12. 

Transportation of inmates

57.46

13. 

Miscellaneous

3,515.27

 

Total

$  31,921.81

 

 

 

 

 

SPECIAL APPROPRIATIONS

On July 1, 1899, the total balance in all special funds amounted to

$  7,766.64

 

Appropriations by Twenty-eighth General Assembly

6,500.00

 

Total debits

$  14,266.64

 

Amount expended from all special funds

 

$  2,187.21

Balance on hand June 30, 1900

 

12,079.43

Total of credits

 

$  14,266.64

 

 

 

CLASSIFICATION OF EXPENDITURES FROM SPECIAL FUNDS
FOR YEAR CLOSING JUNE 30, 1900

Extraordinary repairs

 

$  1,006.06

Equipment

 

491.15

Miscellaneous

 

690.00

Total

 

2,187.20

 

 

 

 

The following are the Special Funds individually considered:
OCULIST FUND
(see chapter 127, section 1, Twentieth General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$  700.00

 

Expenditures

 

$  50.00

Balance on hand June 30, 1900

                

650.00

Totals

$  700.00

$  700.00

 

 

 

WASHING MACHINE FUND
(se chapter 128, section 1, Twenty-second General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$ 59.84

 

No expenditures leaving a balance of

          

$  59.84

Totals

$  59.84

$  59.84

 

 

 

BEDDING AND FURNITURE
(see chapter 146, section 1, Twenty-sixth General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$  15.70

 

Expenditures

 

$  15.70

Totals

$  15.70

$  15.70

 

 

 

 

LIBRARY AND SCHOOL APPARATUS.
(See chapter 146, section 1, Twenty-sixth General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$  91.91

 

Expenditures

 

$  91.91

Totals

$  91.91

$  91.91

 

 

 

 

WATER CLOSETS AND SEWERAGE
(See chapter 141, section 1, Twenty-seventh General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$  4,000.00

 

No expenditures leaving a balance of

 

$  4,000.00

Totals

$  4,000.00

$  4,000.00

 

 

 

 

CONTINGENT AND REPAIRS
(See chapter 141, section 1, Twenty-seventh General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$  1,759.19

 

Expenditures

 

$  1,389.60

Balance on hand June 30, 1900

 

369.59

Totals

$  1,759.19

$  1,759.19

 

 

 

 

FURNITURE AND BEDDING
(See chapter 141, section 1, Twenty-seventh General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$  500.00

 

No expenditures, leaving a balance June 30, 1900

 

$  500.00

Totals

$ 500.00

$  500.00

 

SPECIAL TEACHER OF LINNIE HAGUEWOOD FUND
(See chapter 126, section 1, Twenty-seventh General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$  640.00

 

Expenditures, leaving no balance June 30, 1900

 

$  640.00

 

 

 

WATER CLOSETS AND SEWER
(See chapter 150, section 12, Twenty-eighth General Assembly)

Appropriation of Twenty-eighth General Assembly

$  4,000.00

 

No expenditures, leaving a balance June 30, 1900

 

$  4,000.00

 

 

 

CONTINGENT AND REPAIRS
(See chapter 150, section 12, Twenty-eighth General Assembly)

Appropriation of Twenty-eighth General Assembly

$  2,500.00

 

No expenditures, leaving a balance June 30, 1900

 

$  2,500.00

 

 

 

FINANCES TRANSACTIONS FOR THE BIENNIAL PERIOD
BEGINNING JULY 1, 1899, AND CLOSING JUNE 30, 1901

GENERAL SUPPORT FUND

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$ 13,072.38

 

Received from state for pupilage (see code, section 2718)

26,886.85

 

Received from state for ordinary expenses (see code, section 2718)

20,000.00

 

Received from state for clothing of pupils (see code, section 2716)

500.14

 

Received from sundry sales

3,650.34

 

Total of debits

$ 64,109.71

 

Amount expended

 

$ 59,110.80

Balance on hand June 30, 1901

 

4,998.91

Total of credits

 

$ 64,109.71

 

 

 

CONTINGENT FUND

Amount on hand July 1, 1899

$ 250.00

 

Received from state

91.67

 

Totals

$ 341.67

 

Amount expended

 

$ 259.52

amount on hand July 1, 1901

 

82.15

Total

 

$341.67

Total amount of balance on hand, June 30, 1901 ---

 

 

     General support fund

 

$ 4,998.91

     Contingent fund

 

82.15

Total

 

$ 5,081.06

 

 

 

 

CLASSIFICATION OF EXPENDITURES FROM THE GENERAL SUPPORT FUND
FOR THE YEAR CLOSING JUNE 30, 1900

1.

Salaries and wages

$  21,694.44

2.

Provisions

9,107.33

3.

Household stores

3,222.61

4.

Clothing

1,100.53

5.

Fuel and light

7,324.33

6.

Hospital and medical supplies

72.13

7.

Shop, farm and garden

4,499.95

8.

Ordinary repairs

5,813.07

9.

Library

87.28

10. 

Water and ice

1,255.97

11. 

Stationary and postage

563.69

12. 

Transportation of inmates

105.45

13. 

Miscellaneous

4,431.87

 

Total

$  59,278.65

 

Less payments from contingent fund

 

167.85

 

Total

 

$ 59,110.80

     To make the above clear to the general reader, I will state that the Contingent Fund is supplied from the General Support Fund, on order of the Board .  Payments are made from the Contingent Fund into Classified Accounts.

 

 

 

At the beginning of the biennial period, July 1, 1899, there was a balance in the contingent fund of

$ 250.00

 

 

On June 30, 1901, there was a balance of

82.15

 

 

Paid from this fund into classified accounts

$ 167.85

 

 

 

 

 

SPECIAL APPROPRIATIONS

On July 1, 1899, the total balance in all special funds amounted to

$  7,766.64

 

Appropriations by Twenty-eighth General Assembly

6,500.00

 

Total debits

$  14,266.64

 

Amount expended from all special funds

 

$ 3,443.73

Balance on hand June 30, 1901

 

10,822.91

Total of credits

 

$  14,266.64

 

 

 

CLASSIFICATION OF EXPENDITURES FROM SPECIAL FUNDS

Extraordinary repairs

$1,689.11

 

Equipment

928.99

 

Miscellaneous

825.63

 

Total

3,443.73

 

 

 

 

 

The following are the Special Funds individually considered:
OCULIST FUND
(see chapter 127, section 1, Twentieth General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$  700.00

 

Expenditures

 

$  100.00

Balance on hand June 30, 1901

                

600.00

Totals

$  700.00

$  700.00

 

 

 

WASHING MACHINE FUND
(se chapter 128, section 1, Twenty-second General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$ 59.84

 

Expenditures

          

$  59.84

 

 

 

BEDDING AND FURNITURE
(see chapter 146, section 1, Twenty-sixth General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$  15.70

 

Expenditures

 

$  15.70

 

 

 

 

LIBRARY AND SCHOOL APPARATUS.
(See chapter 146, section 1, Twenty-sixth General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$  91.91

 

Expenditures

 

$  91.91

 

 

 

 

WATER CLOSETS AND SEWERAGE
(See chapter 141, section 1, Twenty-seventh General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$  4,000.00

 

Expenditures

 

$ 85.63

Balance on hand June 30, 1901

 

3,914.37

Totals

$  4,000.00

$  4,000.00

 

 

 

 

CONTINGENT AND REPAIRS
(See chapter 141, section 1, Twenty-seventh General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$  1,759.19

 

Expenditures

 

$  1,759.19

 

 

 

 

FURNITURE AND BEDDING
(See chapter 141, section 1, Twenty-seventh General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$  500.00

 

Expenditures,

 

$ 378.00

balance on hand June 30, 1901

 

$  122.00

Totals

$ 500.00

$  500.00

 

SPECIAL TEACHER OF LINNIE HAGUEWOOD FUND
(See chapter 126, section 1, Twenty-seventh General Assembly)

Balance on hand July 1, 1899

$  640.00

 

Expenditures

 

$  640.00

 

 

 

WATER CLOSETS AND SEWER
(See chapter 150, section 12, Twenty-eighth General Assembly)

Appropriation of Twenty-eighth General Assembly

$  4,000.00

 

Balance on hand June 30, 1901

 

$  4,000.00

 

 

 

CONTINGENT AND REPAIRS
(See chapter 150, section 12, Twenty-eighth General Assembly)

Appropriation of Twenty-eighth General Assembly

$  2,500.00

 

Expenditures

 

$ 313.46

Balance on hand June 30, 1901

 

2,186.54

Total

$ 2,500.00

$ 2,500.00

     I beg to call your attention to two matters which are of vital importance to this institution. The first is "pupilage;" the second is "ordinary expenses."
     Forty-eight years ago the pupilage was fixed at $35.00 per quarter for each pupil in attendance.  Noting the principal changes only, we find the pupilage changed to $40.00 per quarter on March 22, 1866.  It was placed at $36.00 March 21, 1878; $32.00, March 26, 1880; $40.00, March 23, 1882; $35.00, April 7, 1898.
     With a full school it is possible to save some money on $35.00 or even $30.00 per quarter for each pupil in attendance, but it must be done at a sacrifice of some good. If we live well we must cut on repairs and improvements.  To be in line with modern progress we must have the facilities, improvements, appurtenances, demanded by modern conditions. I earnestly hope that the next legislature will reinstate the $40.00 per quarter for each resident pupil.
     If the present organization of the school is to be maintained (and nothing else should receive a moment's thought), then we must have an increase in the ordinary expense fund, or else confine ourselves to seven months of school each year.  A seven months term of school is not long enough for blind children.  Nine months should be the minimum. Twelve thousand five hundred dollars per annum for ordinary expenses (which is only another name for salary fund) will allow us to hold nine months school, but with no room for expansion.  I would recommend that the ordinary expense fund be raised to $14,000.00 per annum.
     We begin the coming term, September 1, 1901, with money enough to pay salaries and wages up to April 1, 1902. Unless aid is afforded by the Twenty-ninth General Assembly, the college must close for another five months vacation.
     Next in importance to the above two matters, are the following: Contingent and repairs; furniture; special repairs.
     A contingent and repair fund of $2,500.00 should be appropriated for the coming two years. This fund is used to cover house-cleaning, whitewashing, repairing, painting and everything serving to keep the building in status quo.
     The Twenty-seventh General Assembly appropriated $500.00 for bedding and furniture. Nearly the whole of that amount was expended in buying rocking chairs for students' rooms.  The institution will need within the next two years many articles of furniture. I would advise an appropriation of $1,000.00 for this purpose and for bedding.
     The state architect, Mr. Liebbe, went carefully over our verandas and porches a few months ago. These structures have now reached a point when they must be practically built anew.  Mr. Liebbe advised me to apply for at least $3,500.00 for special repairs on college building.
     Lastly, I would invite your attention to the following: We should have a pipe organ.  There are pupils in the college who might become masters of this instrument. In the old world numbers of blind musicians are organists in the Catholic and Episcopal churches.  The demand for such musicians is growing in our own state.  I hope the college will be allowed $3,000.00 for this purpose.
     We need a storeroom and we need it badly. Our goods are now scattered through six rooms. If this state of things is not sufficient reason for a building.  Judge Kinne's article in the Bulletin will supply others. Architect Liebbe tells me that a large, commodious store building of one story and basement, can be built for $3,500.00.
     A cottage for the superintendent would be desirable in many ways. An executive officer of an institution is likely to be at least
a middle aged man with a family coming into manhood and womanhood, too old to be boarders in an institution and yet too young to leave the family circle.  There are social duties which every family should meet, and which cannot be satisfactorily met in a public institution. I would beg you to consider the advisability of building for the superintendent of the college, a cottage on the two vacant lots of the state just across the street from the institution grounds, and of giving him a salary that will enable him to board himself and family.  For a suitable cottage and furnishings I would suggest $4,000.00.
     To sum them up in order of importance I would recommend the following:

For ordinary expenses, per month

$ 14,0000.00

For current expenses, pupilage, per quarter

40.00

For contingent and repairs

2,500.00

Special repairs on college buildings

3,500.00

For bedding and furniture

1,000.00

For store building

3,500.00

For pipe organ

3,000.00

For superintendents cottage, including furniture

$4,000.00

Total not including pupilage

31,500.00

     For the kindly sympathy, and for the firm guidance with which your honorable body have favored me so many times, I desire to express my thankful appreciation.

                          Respectfully submitted,
                                                           T. F. McCune,
                                                               Superintendent.

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